How to Use Bleeds in Graphic Software

What is a Bleed?
Bleed refers to printed area that goes beyond the edge of the final page size before it is trimmed. In other words, bleed is the area to be trimmed off. It gives the printer some space to account for the paper shifting in the press. Artwork and background colors should extend into the bleed area to ensure that the final product will have no blank or unfinished edges once it is trimmed.

Standard bleed size in USA is a 1/8 inch on each side of the document (0.125 on the right, left, top and bottom).

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How to prepare raster and vector files for print?

I have been asked several times about how to prepare raster and vector files for print, and here is the answer:

A – Preparing Raster files for print:

Adobe Photoshop is a raster based program, and files must be scanned or created with enough resolution to support good quality output. If files are generated without enough resolution, raster output may appear to have jagged edges, stair stepping, and poor image quality.
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